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Physiotherapy for Dizziness and Vertigo

Physiotherapy for Dizziness and Vertigo

by Mr Leslie Trigg 14/01/2019

The vestibular system is located in the inner ear and is responsible for controlling balance. Problems with the vestibular system can result in symptoms such as dizziness, vertigo, nausea, spinning and vomiting. It can also cause ringing in the ears, vision problems and light-headedness. Vestibular Physiotherapy Perth can assess and treat vestibular issues and related symptoms which cause poor balance, vertigo and dizziness.

What is the Vestibular System?

The vestibular system is the body’s sensory system which provides input about movement and balance, and also information related to movement and head position. The vestibular system is very important for coordination, attention, eye control, movement and some aspects of speech development.

The vestibular system consists of vestibular receptors which are located in the inner ear, along with the connections between them and the central nervous system. There are two components in the vestibular system: the semicircular canal system which processes rotational movements, and the otoliths for linear movements. The vestibular system sends signals to areas in the brain that control eye movements and muscles which keep the body upright.

Problems with the Vestibular System

People with vestibular problems can suffer from many disturbing symptoms such as dizziness, vertigo, nausea and balance problems. Sometimes these symptoms can be accompanied by fatigue, reduced range of motion, weakness, headaches and neck tension. Some vestibular-related problems include:

● Labyrinthitis

● Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV)

● Vestibular neuritis

Treatment for Vestibular Problems

Vestibular physiotherapy can help to improve the physical and emotional wellbeing for people of all ages suffering from vestibular problems. A qualified physiotherapist understands that vestibular symptoms can be very sensitive and easily irritated so a thorough assessment is undertaken before the commencement of a treatment plan.

Vestibular physiotherapy Perth is specifically tailored to the individual’s health and symptoms to improve overall function, coordination and strength. Evidence supports vestibular physiotherapy as an effective method for improving the symptoms of people experiencing problems with the vestibular system.

Treatment may involve a variety of techniques and exercises. A treatment plan may include body, head and eye exercises to retrain the brain to effectively process signals from the vestibular system. The aim is to desensitise the patient to movements which bring on symptoms and strengthen muscles while improving overall fitness.

Cervical Dizziness

Sometimes dizziness can be associated with cervical spine dysfunction. Often this also includes neck pain, which may or may not be associated with the dizziness. The symptoms of cervical dizziness include:

● Dizziness that is constant but without neck symptoms

● Dizziness which is worse during head movement

● Dizziness after neck pain

● Imbalance which may increase with head movement

Cervical dizziness often improves with neck treatment. A qualified physiotherapist is able to assess and diagnose the cause of the dizziness and carry out a treatment plan which may include: exercises, gentle mobilisation and posture improvement.

Physiotherapy treatment for vestibular problems is an effective method for reducing symptoms such as dizziness, vertigo and poor balance. The exercise-based approach is considered to be very successful in improving the health and wellbeing of people with disorders associated with the vestibular system.